[...] Others joined in the cry and said that only Alexander was worthy of this deed [... and] a quantity of torches was quickly collected. The earliest known surviving source of information on the founding of the Library of Alexandria is the pseudepigraphic Letter of Aristeas, which was composed between c. 180 and c. 145 BC. Ptolemy's contribution as a historian is immense; he wrote an eyewitness history of Alexander's campaigns (which is now lost). Ptolemy I, successor of Alexander the Great. A beacon was visible for miles and was lit day and night. A silver coin of Alexandria depicting Alexander the Great. He defeated his military opponents and extended Egyptian control in the eastern Mediterranean. It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. However, Ptolemy’s book was lost—perhaps with the destruction of the library he founded—and not even an original fragment has survived. A Reconstruction of Ptolemy I’s History of Alexander’s Conquests, a Primary Source Cited in Later Books That Disappeared More Than One Thousand Years AgoAlexander the Great is well known as one of the first great empire builders of the ancient world. Ptolemy was appointed as satrap of Egypt in 323 BCE by Perdiccas during the succession crisis that erupted following Alexander the Great. Ptolemy I(born c. 367 BC; reigned 323 – 282 BC) was a former general of Alexander the Great and the first king of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Upon the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, the throne of Egypt fell to Ptolemy I, the son of Lagus. The Hellenistic World (from the Greek word Hellas for Greece... EDIT TEST To call Polybius our best guide to Hellenistic history... Ptolemy I and the Transformation of Egypt, 404-282 BCE (Mnemosyne, Supplements... From Myth to Modern Mind: A Study of the Origins and Growth of Scientific... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Young's text is an important addition to the historic saga, particularly because Ptolemy's is the only recoverable text in that earlier time period. It was common among the Macedonian upper class at the time of Alexander the Great and there were several of this name among Alexander's army, one of whom made himself pharaoh in 323 BC: Ptolemy I Soter, the first pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Among those fellow Macedonian officers who accompanied Alexander in his epic conquests from Greece to India was Ptolemy Lagides. Alexandria, one of the greatest cities of the ancient world, was founded by Alexander the Great after his conquest of Egypt in 332 BC. The museum contained a covered arcade, seating for quiet contemplation as well as a dining hall. Alexander changed the world by building the magnificent city of Alexandria. Ptolemy's contribution as a historian is immense; he wrote an eyewitness history of Alexander's campaigns (which is now lost). In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). 1 The Testimonia (T) and Fragmenta (F) of these various historians - Callisthenes, Onesicritus, Nearchus, Aristobulus, Ptolemy, Cleitarchus, and the rest - as well as the Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Ptolemy_I/. B. In Ptolemy's view, Alexander had been a rational expansionist. After his death, Ptolemy was deified and a festival was held in his honor for years to come. Ptolemy, son of Lagus, was a high-ranking officer in Alexander’s army, and was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander’s death in 323 BCE when Alexander’s generals divided up his empire. It was during this time, after a failed conspiracy to kill Alexander was discovered, that Ptolemy was named one of the king’s personal bodyguards. The territory given to Ptolemy after Alexander the Great died was _____ The territory given to Ptolemy after Alexander the Great died was _____ THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... World History: Unit 4. Although Ptolemy, as one of Alexander's marshals and founder of the Ptol-emaic dynasty in Egypt, is an important historical figure, very little is known of his literary work apart from what Arrian tells us, explicitly or implicitly, in 4 Perhaps Ptolemy himself insisted on his honour as a king; in the Letter of Aristeas, After the death of Alexander in Babylon in 323 BC, Egypt fell to the lot of one of his lieutenants, Ptolemy. These battles became known as the Diadochi or Successor Wars. The death of Alexander the Great saw the General Ptolemy established as satrap of Egypt from 323 BC. In the first place, he uses Callisthenes' Deeds of Alexander and a sequel, because he has the correct chronology of the events and knows the names of the appointees. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 03 Feb 2012. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. He was also taught how to fight, ride a horse, and hunt. Ptolemy wrote memoirs on Alexander's campaigns. While he became involved in the infighting among the others and eventually acquired lands in the eastern Mediterranean, his major concern was Egypt. Following Alexander’s death, Ptolemy gained control of Egypt where he founded the dynasty in his name, created the great library of Alexandria, and was patron of the mathematician Euclid. After his death in 323 BCE, Alexander's Empire was left in the hands of his generals, with Ptolemy I Soter taking Egypt and making Alexandria his capital in 320 BCE. Alexander the GreatKing Phillip II was Alexander's father. Ptolemy I Soter (366-282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great. Ptolemy was responsible for Serapis's rise to power. Ptolemy I Soter was born in 367 BC. This position was later claimed by Ptolemy. He exhibits great literary acuteness in the choice of his authorities and in sifting evidence. The one common threat among these “kings” was that no one liked Perdiccas, and Perdiccas disliked Ptolemy above all. With this failure and a loss of 2000 soldiers, his men revolted and executed him. At one of Alexander’s celebrations, Ptolemy’s mistress Thais suggested the palace should be burned. Although his role is unclear, most historical accounts are in agreement that Ptolemy was with Alexander in both Egypt and India. After Ptolemy was struck by a poisoned arrow, it was Alexander who saved his life by using various native herbs to extract the poison. Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) of Macedon who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. Following a brief peace, Ptolemy was involved in a series of conflicts with both Antigonus and Demetrius, finally aiding in their defeat and Antigonus’ death at Ipsus in 301 BC. Early career Ptolemy I Soter. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Related Content This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. It became the center of Hellenistic culture. In Persepolis, Ptolemy was linked to the burning of the city. Few, if any, persons in the ancient Graeco-Roman world have inspired as much writing, by both ancient and modern authors, as Alexander the Great of Macedon. Ptolemy was a Macedonian nobleman, son of Lagos. Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, his empire fell apart in the wars of the Diadochi (his generals, the Diadochi or "Successors"). Ptolemaeus (Πτολεμαῖος Ptolemaîos) is an ancient Greek personal name.It occurs once in Greek mythology and is of Homeric form. Alexander III of Macedon , also known as Alexander the Great , was born in Pella in 356 BC and was mentored by Aristotle until the age of 16. We do not know the exact date of its creation, but it would have been around 300 BC, ordered by either Ptolemy I or Ptolemy II. Unfortunately, Young has a difficult time bridging the gap between the two interests, and readers, depending on their preference, may find sections tedious. Byzantine Views on Alexander the Great. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Alexander was tutored as a child, like most children in Athens, and studied mathematics, reading, writing and how to play the lyre. Among those fellow Macedonian officers who accompanied Alexander in his epic conquests from Greece to India was Ptolemy Lagides. Both of these men knew Alexander personally and were present for much of his campaign, u Although older than Alexander and many of the other generals who followed Alexander into Persia, he still became a close friend, advisor and later one of his seven personal bodyguards. When Alexander died in 323 BC, the fate of the empire was left in the hands of Perdiccas, the cavalry leader, who had been handed Alexander’s signet ring on the king’s deathbed, a possible transference of power. Greek became the language of both government and commerce. In addition to separating later Roman sensibilities from the original Greek of Ptolemy, the author re-creates the famous library of Alexandria, and takes the reader along on Alexander’s conquests as closely as we can to how Ptolemy may have recounted them. Ptolemy began the construction of Pharos, a li… The alliances that would be formed among these new satraps were tenuous and both war and peace would reign for 30 years. More recent proponents include Ian Worthington, and also A. He journeyed to Siwa Oasis in the … It became the center of Hellenistic culture. After his death in 323 BCE, Alexander's Empire was left in the hands of his generals, with Ptolemy I Soter taking Egypt and making Alexandria his capital in 320 BCE. https://www.ancient.eu/Ptolemy_I/. A book for the general reader particularly interested in literary forensics and battle strategy, the text gives a comprehensive analysis of Alexander's years in expansion. One of his first actions was to establish a cult of Alexander; of course, by doing this, he established himself as a legitimate heir. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U.S. History at Lincoln College (Normal, Illinois)and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. Arrian, Latin in full Lucius Flavius Arrianus, (born c. ad 86, Nicomedia, Bithynia [now İzmit, Tur. Ptolemy famously wrote a history of Alexander the Great’s life, but this priceless eye-witness account was lost forever during the decline of the Library of Alexandria during the time of the Roman Empire. Reign of Ptolemy I (366 BCE – 282 BCE). athora_denlory. Reign of Ptolemy I (366 BCE – 282 BCE). He was an intellectual whose remarkable works related to history, geography, and philosophy were one of the greatest scientific achievements of his times. He got his wish and received in the division his first choice – Egypt. Although it is probable that Ptolemy enhanced his own importance, sources indicate that it was regarded as an accurate and even-handed account of the campaigns of Alexander. As per the historical accounts, the first settlers in Alexandria were the retired soldiers who had participated in Alexander’s campaigns. The silver lining is that Ptolemy’s memoirs survived long enough for the historian Arrian to read and study them. It was under Ptolemy that the newly-founded Alexandria came to replace the ancient city of Memphis as the capital of Egypt. alexx23xx. Historian . Ptolemy’s name first appears during Alexander’s defeat of Memnon, the Greek mercenary general in the service of Persia, at Halicarnassus. 26 terms. They were the successors of Alexander the Great, who had invaded Egypt, becoming Pharaoh. She was the first after the king to throw her blazing torch into the palace. Web. After Ptolemy died in 282 BC, his descendants would rule Egypt for almost 300 years until it was conquered by Julius Caesar and the Romans. Ptolemy I Soter (367-282): friend and biographer of the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great, after his death king of Egypt, founder of the the Ptolemaic dynasty, one of the Diadochi. He started the Ptolemaic Dynasty, which lasted about 300 years. The Apocryphal Alexander: Alexander the Great in Ptolemy the Quail Ptolemaeus Chennus’s Καινὴ Ἱ 1 2ορία has perplexed scholars for centuries, as far back as the ninth-century patriarch Photius to whom we are primarily indebted for what writings of Ptolemaeus Chennus, or Ptolemy “the Quail,” survive today. However, we can perhaps be a little bit more precise. Wanting to keep the empire intact, Perdiccas suggested everyone wait with naming a successor until after the birth of Alexander and Roxanne’s child (the future Alexander IV). Ptolemy was related to the most powerful families in the world at the time, including the lineage of Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great. Macedonian and Ptolemaic Egypt (332–30 bce) The Macedonian conquest. Ptolemy's first independent command was immediately after the crossing of the river Oxus, when news arrived that Spitamenes wanted to hand over Bessus, the last Achaemenid king. Once home to the massive Pharos lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonder of the Ancient World, the Mediterranean seaport of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great around 330 BCE, and like many other cities in his Empire, took its name from him. Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. He brought him to Alexander naked, in chains, and wearing a dog collar. The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a massive structure of three stories with a statue of Zeus atop. Diodorus’s history recorded this theft: Ptolemy, moreover, doing honour to Alexander, went to meet it with an army as far as Syria and, receiving the body, deemed it worthy of the greatest consideration. Ptolemy I Soter (/ ˈ t ɒ l əm i /; Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaîos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Savior"; c. 367 BC – January 282 BC) was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire.Ptolemy was pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 305/304 BC to his death. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. [Greece]), Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. This disagreement stems from the fact that Ptolemy was also a historian of sorts and his biography of Alexander may have exaggerated his own contributions. Alexander became a “state god” and his “priest” the highest clerical position in Egypt. Ptolemy was completely against this idea and led a campaign to divide the empire among the leading generals. Arrian primarily relied on the accounts of Ptolemy (Alexander's childhood friend, soldier in his army, and ruler of Egypt after Alexander's death) and Aristobulus (an engineer who worked for Alexander). Her father Ptolemy XII Aul… The museum contained a covered arcade, seating for quiet contemplation as well as a dining hall. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 03 February 2012 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Alexander the Great. Wasson, Donald L. "Ptolemy I." Formerly a s… With reference to the family tree enclosed, intermarrying within Cleopatra’s family was so prevalent that she only had two ancestors alive 120 years before her birth. He was a veteran soldier and trusted commander who had served Alexander. 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