cleopatra ii queen of egypt

Cleopatra VII (Queen) of EGYPT (subject of Shakespeare play) External page: Omitted from Michael Hart's 100 Most Influential List but ranked #29 in Pantheon's list He assumed power in 1917 as sultan of Egypt, signifying the legally subordinate…, Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848) was an outstanding Turkish military and administrative leader in the eastern Mediterranean area of the Ottoman Empire. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt. Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, was one of the most famous women in history.Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (69 BC – 12 August 30 BC). After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander(336–323 BC). HYKSOS , the founders of the Egyptian 15th dynasty; Asiatics who exercised political control over Egypt between approximately 1655 and 1570 b.…, EGYPT , country in N.E. To make the link between the newly married couple and their deceased mother even more patent, both Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VI began to be designated as "Philometor," that is, "Mother-loving.". Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Women who Changed the World - "for Rebel Girls", Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned). Born around 183 bce; died in 116 bce; daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I (c. 210–176 bce); sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II; married brother Ptolemy VI Philometor, in 176 bce (died 145 bce); married brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, in 144 bce; children: (first marriage) Ptolemy Eupator; Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator; Cleopatra III Euergetis; Cleopatra Thea; (second marriage) Ptolemy Memphites. Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present.[4]. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). She was probably the middle of the three siblings. Cleopatra II, however, managed to abscond with most of the Egyptian treasury. 175 BC. Basalt statue of Cleopatra VII (51-30 b.c.) The greatest achievement of this period came in the Edict of 118 (collectively ordained by Ptolemy and both Cleopatras), which constituted a serious reform of Egyptian law, which had been long neglected amid the various plots and gambits of the royal house. Subsequently, in an effort to equalize their holdings, Ptolemy VIII invaded Cyprus where he was captured by Ptolemy VI (154). Cleopatra II and III Kom Ombo Temple.jpg 1,124 × 1,752; 613 KB. Not the type to miss an opportunity for vengeance, while in exile Ptolemy VIII sent as a birthday gift to Cleopatra II the dismembered body of their son, Ptolemy Memphites. As a result, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII (144), and the life of her younger son with Ptolemy VI was forfeited. https://www.geni.com/people/Cleopatra-II-Queen-of-Egypt/6000000003645853743 Hoping to improve their standing through a deft manipulation of marriage politics, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra initially betrothed their daughter Cleopatra Thea to a pretender, Alexander Balas, who had seized the Syrian throne from its king Demetrius I (150). Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In addition, Cleopatra II clearly was more popular among her subjects than either of her brothers, thus conjuring up images of her mother whose memory was a significant legitimizing factor behind this generation of Ptolemies. As a result of Ptolemy VI's demise, Cleopatra II served briefly as regent for Ptolemy Neos Philopator, the younger of her sons. Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. She died about . The latter took both personal and political affront at the Egyptian change of heart. In fact, she would never be the sole ruler of Egypt in name, sharing the official title with her brothers and her son. Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt: 14,00€ 2: Illustrated History of Cleopatra Queen of Egypt: 100 educational books are recommended (English Edition) 5,89€ 3: History of Cleopatra: Queen of Egypt - Large Print: 16,98€ 4: Cleopatra (2 DVDs) 6,95€ 5: History of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt - Original & Unabridged & Special Edition (ANNOTATED) (English Edition) 2,48€ 6: Cleopatra Rules! 13 Jan. 2021 . Ptolemy Memphites may be identical to Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, but this identification is not universally accepted. Cleopatra II of Egypt ... Media in category "Cleopatra II" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great. She then ruled with her sons Ptolemy IX and Ptolemy X from 116 to 101 BC.. Cleopatra III was also known as Cleopatra Euergetis while associated with her husband Ptolemy VIII or her son Ptolemy X. Cleopatra III (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c.160–101 BC) was a queen of Egypt.She ruled at first with her mother Cleopatra II and husband Ptolemy VIII from 142 to 131 BC and again from 127 to 116 BC. Fuad I Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. She was married about -29 to Juba II King of Mauretania King of Mauretania, they had 2 children. Cleopatra was the Queen of Ancient Egypt and is still one of the most famous women in world history. Under Roman pressure, however, Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra "forgave" their younger brother, and in order to win a "reconciliation" betrothed one of their daughters (Cleopatra III Euergetis) to her uncle. She was the last of the Pharaohs set up in Egypt by Alexander the Great and was a Macedonian Princess by decent. Cleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was born between 138 and 135 BC. Ptolemy VIII arranged for his murder. Daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt Although this policy seems to have won Egypt over to the regency of the two underage monarchs, the precariousness of the new arrangement encouraged the Seleucid king Antiochus IV (enthroned, 175) to invade Palestine in 171 to recover that region when Egypt was least able to defend it. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. Birth of Ptolemaic Pharaoh of Egypt VII - Ptolemy VI... Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt worked at Egypt, Death of Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt at Egypt, "The Sister", "Κλεοπάτρα Β' της Αιγύπτου". Cleopatra III, born between 160 and 155 BC. Cleopatra Kom Ombo.JPG 1,536 × 2,048; 779 KB. Wife of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. (January 13, 2021). Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Murdered in 130 BC by Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon in ca 145 BC. The daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I , Cleopatra II had two brothers, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. With the foreign threat eased, Rome then worked out a compromise intended to keep Syria out of Egypt's affairs: it was agreed that Egypt should be ruled by the trinity of siblings—Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Born between 144 and 142 BC. https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce, "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) They had at least four children: Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon in ca 145 BC. Now married simultaneously to both mother and daughter, Ptolemy VIII was thus able to check Cleopatra II's status at court, being unable to do away with her completely. Died young in ca 150 BC. Eventually, tensions at court erupted into civil war (132), and Ptolemy VIII was driven temporarily to Cyprus with Cleopatra III and his children. In 142 BC Ptolemy VIII took Cleopatra's younger daughter, his niece, Cleopatra III, as wife. After this she ruled jointly with her brother and daughter until 116 BC when Ptolemy died, leaving the kingdom to Cleopatra III. Although Cleopatra II died in 116 exhausted by years of trials and tribulations, she had the satisfaction of outliving Ptolemy VIII by a few months. ." Hand painted in faux gold and ebony, this quality designer resin work of functionally decorative art was created exclusively for Design Toscano. Before his death, Ptolemy VI fathered four children with Cleopatra II: Ptolemy Eupator, Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, Cleopatra III Euergetis, and Cleopatra Thea. Berenice, a daughter. Cleopatra II was initially cited as a full equal of her husband in the original petition against Antiochus IV before the Roman Senate, and her status was confirmed in Egyptian documents shortly thereafter. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt married her brother, Ptolemy VI Philometor circa 173 BC. Thereafter, he invaded Egypt to return his recent antagonist, Ptolemy VI, to the throne. Realizing that the brothers would never rule in harmony, Rome arranged a division of Ptolemaic possessions, giving Egypt and Cyprus to the older brother and his wife, and Cyrene to the younger. . Fuad I Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt was born about -190 in Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Cleopatra I Syra Queen of Egypt Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 185-116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt. Cleopatra II Queen of Egypt was born circa 185 BC, died circa 116 BC. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. This under-age marriage was arranged by Eulaeus (a eunuch) and Lenaeus (an ex-slave), two regents who, in lieu of anyone better situated, assumed their authority after Cleopatra I's death. ." They had at least four children:[1][2]. Declaring himself and his sister-wife Cleopatra II no longer subject to a regency (although he was still in his mid-teens), Ptolemy VI followed with an attack of his own on Palestine. Ibra…, Hyksos Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Fuad I (1868-1936) was the first king of modern Egypt. "Cleopatra II (c. 183–116 BCE) She died about -116 in Egypt. Cleopatra II, Ptolemy VI and their brother, Ptolemy VIII, were co-rulers of Egypt from ca 171 BC to 164 BC. Exactly why she became so established is a matter of conjecture, but most likely she had a talent for political affairs and was considered by all concerned as essential to the continued collaboration of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII. Although he certainly preferred the company of Cleopatra III, Ptolemy VIII nevertheless had a son (Ptolemy Memphites) with Cleopatra II. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Initially successful, Antiochus left Egypt in 169 with Ptolemy VI reunited with Cleopatra and reinstalled on the throne, and with a strong Seleucid garrison in Pelusium (the fortress that defended Egypt's frontier from Syria). Cleopatra VII Philopator (Koinē Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; 69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. . It appear…, Ismail Pasha (1830-1895) was the charming but spendthrift pasha and khedive of Egypt during the decade prior to British occupation. Knowing that the Romans had already soundly defeated his father, and also knowing that they had recently crushed the Macedonians in Europe under Perseus, Antiochus caved in to the Roman ambassador and left Egypt permanently. They had at least one son:[1][2]. Defeated by Antiochus IV, Ptolemy VI fled Palestine in such confusion that he did not even trust in his ability to return to Egypt. 8"Wx3.5"Dx4.5"H. 2 lbs. Retrieved January 13, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cleopatra-ii-c-183-116-bce. Ptolemy Eupator, born in 166 BC. Rather, he headed for sanctuary on the sacred Aegean island of Samothrace—a destination he never reached, for the fleet of Antiochus captured him anyway. Although Cleopatra II (with the help of a band of Jewish mercenaries) attempted to hold out against her brother, the Greek citizens of Alexandria weighed in decisively behind the return of Ptolemy VIII. She was the sister of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon. [1] At this time Ptolemy VIII murdered both his stepson Ptolemy and his own son Ptolemy Memphites. (In addition, the number of Ptolemy VIII's mistresses were legion, with their offspring granted positions of authority.) Encyclopedia.com. Of the remaining children, Cleopatra III was promised to Ptolemy VIII (154), Cleopatra Thea became enmeshed in Seleucid politics, and Ptolemy Neos Philopator was established as the heir to his parents' joint throne. Biography Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra, royal queen of Egypt, reclines across a treasure box laden with elaborate Egyptian imagery including hieroglyphics, an Eye of Horus, an ankh and winged gryphons. Immediate Family: Daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt. Murdered by her son in ca 120 BC. Cleopatra Thea born in ca 164 BC. Ptolemy VI Philometor joined Antiochus IV outside Alexandria. The first of these predeceased both of his parents. Cleopatra II led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII in 131 BC, and drove him and Cleopatra III out of Egypt. Became co-regent with his father for a short time, but died at a young age in ca 152 BC. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. After the capture of Ptolemy VI, Antiochus seems to have had ambitions on the Egyptian throne for himself until he learned of the accession of Ptolemy VIII. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after.[1]. Since the most compelling support of the new regime was its association with the popularity of Cleopatra I, it followed that a union of her daughter to her older son could have the potential to strengthen the dynasty's staying power. Only six or seven when her mother died in 176 (her father died in 180), Cleopatra II was quickly married to her older brother, who was likely no older than ten at the time. Although Balas was unsuccessful in a military campaign fought in Palestine against the allied forces of Ptolemy VI and Demetrius II, Ptolemy VI died during this war as a result of a wound sustained when he fell from his horse. However, this arrangement did not last for long because Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt to reclaim it as his own. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Name variations: Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ("Mother-loving"). She was married to Ptolemy VI Philometor King of Egypt King of Egypt, they had 2 children. Thereafter, a balance reigned between the interests and factions of Cleopatra II and of Ptolemy VIII-Cleopatra III. A public reconciliation of Cleopatra and Ptolemy VIII was declared in 124 BC. In ca 169 BC, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt. When Cleopatra died, Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. Sister of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Pharaoh of Egypt and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Pharaoh of Egypt, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_II_of_Egypt, Cleopatra II (in Greek, Κλεοπάτρα — c. 185–116 BC) was a queen (and briefly sole ruler) of Ptolemaic Egypt, Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and likely Cleopatra I. His death occurred as a result of Egypt's reinvolvement in the affairs of the Seleucid Empire. Perfect gift for the Egyptophile! Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Ptolemy VIII is said to have had his son dismembered and his head, hands and feet sent to Cleopatra II in Alexandria as a birthday present. Co-ruler of Egypt (176–130 bce and 118–116 bce) and sole ruler of Upper Egypt (130–118 bce). In the next year, his garrison on Cyprus was also expelled and that island was returned to its Ptolemaic masters. Egyptian - Head of a Queen, Perhaps Cleopatra II or Cleopatra III - Walters 22407.jpg 1,800 × 1,684; 2.79 MB. Keep reading for more facts about the famous Egyptian queen. In 164 BC Cleopatra II and her husband were temporarily deposed by their brother Ptolemy VIII, but were restored to power in 163 BC.[3]. Ptolemy Memphites. Responding favorably to the request, in 168 the Romans sent an embassy under Gaius Popillius Laenus to demand that the newly returned Antiochus IV leave Egypt for good. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan…, CAMBYSES (Pers., Kambujiya ; Bab., Kam-bu-zi-(ia) ; Aram., Kanbuzi ; Greek, Cambyses ), the son of *Cyrus, king of Persia (530–522 b.c.e.). [1][2], Her first marriage was with her brother Ptolemy VI in ca. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. She married Alexander Balas, Demetrius II Nicator and Antiochus VII Sidetes. Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis and ruled with Cleopatra II. Cleopatra II married her other brother, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II in 145 BC. When Cleopatra realized her defeat was inevitable, she committed suicide in 30 B.C.E., marking the end of the Ptolemaic rule and the fall of Egypt to Roman control. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Cleopatra II herself died shortly after. She would eventually marry both of her brothers. They had at least one son: Following the death of her mother (176 BC), she was married to her brother Ptolemy VI Philometor in ca 175 BC. Led a rebellion against Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II married her brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon in 169. Almanacs transcripts and maps, women in world History: a Biographical Encyclopedia 124 BC VIII 's mistresses legion... Iii - Walters 22407.jpg 1,800 × 1,684 ; 2.79 MB offspring granted positions of authority. Pharaohs set up Egypt... That island was returned to Egypt to reclaim it as his own son Ptolemy Memphites may identical. Probably the middle of the three siblings those guidelines when editing your cleopatra ii queen of egypt... Cyprus where he was captured by Ptolemy VI in ca 169 BC, died circa 116 BC Walters... Mother ( 176 BC ) was a Queen, Perhaps Cleopatra II Philometor or Philomater ( `` Mother-loving )!, in ca, `` Cleopatra II co-regent with his father for a short time but. 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