To separate a clause that adds information to a sentence but if removed would leave the sentence grammatical correct. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—). The researchers found something unexpected: a dramatically lowered risk of heart disease. Example: April 19, 2010, was the date on the card. A semicolon can be used to connect two closely related independent clauses (parts of a sentence that could also stand as separate sentences). Reference. 1. The results of Experiment 1 showed a similarity across groups: Group A. In these cases, separate the items with semicolons: In the next example the same principle is applied to a series that includes statistics. I usually use a colon, but agree that a full stop sometimes works if the bullet points are paragraphs rather than single se… 2. When using a colon this way, always make sure the text before the commais an independent clause that could stand as a complete sentence on its own. They are introduced with either a colon or full stop and each point has normal sentence punctuation. To separate a series of words that already contain commas.
Numbers are followed by periods and are not in parentheses. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers avoid ambiguity. Type complete sentences after each number, capitalizing the first word in the sentence and placing proper end punctuation after each item. Click to see a step-by-step slideshow. Provides APA Style guidelines on correct semicolon use. Main
The first step towards a healthier lifestyle is simple:a good n… To separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction. In addition, refer to APA, Section 6.4 for more information about semicolon usage. 1. Each item on the list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period, depending on the grammatical structure of the list. This is the second in a six-part series about lists in APA Style. This resource, revised according to the 7 th edition APA Publication Manual, provides fundamental guidelines for constructing the reference pages of research papers. Bir, C., Croney, C. C., & Olynk Widmar, N. J. Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Lists, Part 2: Commas and Semicolons: https://www.typepad.com/services/trackback/6a01157041f4e3970b012877a98c62970c, Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS), Archiving the Sixth Edition APA Style Blog, Introducing the 7th Edition of the Publication Manual. This page reflects guidance from the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.. Go to 7th edition guidelines Using lowercase letters in lists. The other most common use of semicolons is to separate lists when commas are present within the list itself which is part of a single independent clause. Note that serial commas should also be used to separate authors’ names in reference list entries. APA also allows for the use of lowercase letters for lists that appear within a paragraph. Each child was given a plush toy, a building block, and a rubber ball. To separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction. Check out our other citation guides on MLA 8 and Harvard referencing. Example: Thirty participant, recuited the same way, provided pilot rating value. « Lists, Part 1: Parallelism |
Each child was seated at a separate station and given the following plush toy or toys: an elephant, which all children saw in the previous experiment; a kangaroo, which only half of the children saw in the previous experiment; or both the elephant and the kangaroo.